RECLAIMING NIGERIA’S LAGGARD LIVESTOCK SUBSECTOR: A MODERN DAIRY VALUE CHAIN IN PERSPECTIVE.
BEING THE KEYNOTE ADDRESS BY PROF. E.S. BOGORO FAS, THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY OF TETFUND, AT THE 9TH ASAN-NIAS JOINT ANNUAL MEETING, ABUJA ON NOVEMBER 17TH, 2020
1.0 Background of livestock sector in Nigeria
The Nigerian livestock sub-sector is one of the largest in Africa with a very rich biodiversity. There is lack of accurate data on livestock population in Nigeria but FAOSTAT (2019) estimates that the country possesses 1.3 million asses, 0.28 million camels, 20.8 million cattle, 140.8million chickens, 78 million goats, 42.5 million sheep, and 7.5 million pigs.
The sub-sector serves as a source of livelihood with 42% of the population owning livestock and as a source of food to millions of Nigerians both in the rural and urban areas. Livestock accounts for about 9%of the agricultural GDP (FAO 2019).
The productions system is largely dominated by the extensive or pastoral system, which is not commercially oriented. However, the poultry sector seemed to be the most commercially oriented with 21% of the animals raised under intensive system compared to only 1% of cattle under similar system.